Ab May Bronze Agreement
17 enero, 2022
A Contractual Agreement Definition
21 enero, 2022

The result of these referendums was a large majority in both parts of Ireland in favour of the agreement. In the republic, 56% of voters voted, with 94% of the vote in favour of the constitutional amendment. Turnout in Northern Ireland was 81%, with 71% in favour of the deal. The agreement was reached after many years of complex discussions, proposals and compromises. Many people have made important contributions. Tony Blair and Bertie Ahern were at the time leaders of the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. It was chaired by US Special Envoy George Mitchell. [3] These institutional arrangements, created in these three strands, are defined in the agreement as “interwoven and interdependent”. In particular, it notes that the functioning of the Northern Ireland Assembly and the North-South Council of Ministers is “so closely linked that the success of the other depends” and that participation in the North-South Council of Ministers is “one of the essential responsibilities associated with the relevant posts in [Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland]”. The agreement establishes a framework for the creation and number of institutions in three “parts”. The old text contains only four articles; it is this short text that is the legal agreement, but it includes the latter agreement in its annexes. [7] Technically, this envisaged agreement can be distinguished as a multi-party agreement as opposed to the Belfast Agreement itself.

[7] Under the Agreement, the British and Irish Governments undertook to hold referendums in Northern Ireland and the Republic on 22 May 1998 respectively. The referendum in Northern Ireland is expected to endorse the agreement reached in the multi-party negotiations. The purpose of the referendum on the Republic of Ireland was to approve the BRITANNICO-Irish Agreement and to facilitate the amendment of the Constitution of Ireland in accordance with the Agreement. Both views were recognized as legitimate. For the first time, the Irish government has agreed in a binding international agreement that Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom. [9] The Irish Constitution has also been amended to implicitly recognise Northern Ireland as part of the territory of the United Kingdom,[7] subject to the consent of the majority of the population of the island`s two jurisdictions to a united Ireland. On the other hand, the wording of the agreement reflects a change in the legal orientation of the United Kingdom from one for the Union to one for a united Ireland. [9] The agreement therefore left open the question of future sovereignty over Northern Ireland. [10] In an important compromise, the parties agreed on measures to promote the Irish language, which unionists have long opposed, fearing that they would elevate nationalist and republican culture to the detriment of their own. In turn, the agreement contained provisions to promote the Ulster Scots, who are traditionally spoken of the descendants of Protestants who came from Scotland to Northern Ireland. The negotiations were also prompted by promises from Dublin and London for more funding for hospitals, schools and other social services in Northern Ireland. The agreement provided for the transfer of authority over certain policy areas from the British Parliament to a newly created assembly in Belfast, paving the way for paramilitary groups to give up their weapons and join the political process.

It has contributed to a sharp decline in violence, and the annual death toll, which peaked at 480 in 1972, has fallen to one figure in recent years. The conference takes the form of regular and frequent meetings between british and Irish ministers to promote cooperation at all levels between the two governments. In cases which have not been transferred to Northern Ireland, the Irish Government may present positions and proposals. All decisions of the Conference shall be taken by mutual agreement between the two Governments and the two Governments in order to make determined efforts to resolve disagreements between them. These issues – parades, flags and legacy of the past – were negotiated in 2013, chaired by Richard N. Haass, president of the Council on Foreign Relations, and meghan L. O`Sullivan, a professor at Harvard Kennedy School and now a member of the CFR Board of Trustees. The talks, which involved the five main political parties, failed to reach an agreement, although many of the proposals – including the creation of a historic investigation unit to investigate unresolved deaths during the conflict and a commission to help victims obtain information about the deaths of their loved ones – were a large part of the Stormont House deal. which was achieved in 2014.

As part of the agreement, the British Parliament repealed the Government of Ireland Act 1920 (which had established Northern Ireland, divided Ireland and claimed a territorial claim over all of Ireland) and the people of the Republic of Ireland amended Articles 2 and 3 of the Constitution of Ireland, which affirmed a territorial claim over Northern Ireland. Regardless of Northern Ireland`s constitutional status within the United Kingdom or part of a united Ireland, the right of the “Northern Irish people” to “identify and be accepted as Irish or British or both” (as well as their right to have British or Irish citizenship, or both) has been recognised. .

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